State of the Art in the Healthcare Cyber-physical Systems

Alyona Skorobogatjko, Andrejs Romanovs, Nadezhda Kunicina


For several years, experts from different fields are interested in virtual and physical world interaction opportunities. Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) are developed to integrate real physical processes and virtual computational processes.   CPSs are used in multiple areas such as medicine, traffic management and security, automotive engineering, industrial and process control, energy saving, ecological monitoring and management, avionics and space equipment, industrial robots, technical infrastructure management, distributed robotic systems, protection target systems, nanotechnology and biological systems technology. CPS sensors generate the sensitive data that must be protected and shared only in a secure manner. This paper provides an overview of CPSs, their application in medicine and compliance with existing standards and possibilities for further advanced system development.


Embedded systems; healthcare cyber-physical system; sensor networks

Full Text:



“Cyber-Physical Systems Week” [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Sept. 1, 2014].

D. Patterson, J. Hennessy, Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware Ssoftware Interface. 5th edition. Morgan Kaufmann, 2013.

“Cyber-Physical Systems” [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Sept. 1, 2014].

A. Milenkovic, C. Otto, E. Jovanov, “Wireless sensor networks for personal health monitoring: issues and an implementation,” Computer Communications, vol. 29, no. 13–14, 2006, pp. 2521–2533.

R. Buyya, J. Broberg, A. Goscinski, Cloud Computing: Principles and Paradigms, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2011.

N. Wu and X. Li, RFID Applications in Cyber-Physical System, Deploying RFID – Challenges, Solutions, and Open Issues. InTech, 2011.

Cyphers, Cyber-Physical Eurobean Roadmap & Strategy. Deliverable D5.1: CPS: State of the Art, 2014.

Steering Committee for Foundations in Innovation for Cyber-Physical Systems, Foundations for Innovation: Strategic R&D Opportunities for 21st Century, 2013.

AENEAS Industry Association, Part B of the 2014 ECSEL MARSIA, 2013.

A. Koubaa, B. Andersson, “A Vision of Cyber-Physical Internet,” Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Real-Time Networks, Dublin, Ireland, 2009.

S. Amin, G. Schwartcz, A. Hussain, “In Quest of Benchmarking Security Risks to Cyber-Physical Systems,” IEEE Network. Jan./Feb. 2013, pp. 19–24.

“Networking and Information Technology Research and Development Program,” High-Confidence Medical Devices: Cyber-Physical Systmes for 21st Century Health Care. NTRD, 2009.

G. Schirner, D. Erdogmus, K. Chowdhury, T. Padir, “The Future of Human-in-the-Loop Cyber-Physical Systems,” Computer, IEEE computer Society Digital Library, 2013, pp. 36–45.

S. A. Haque, S. M. Aziz, M. Rahman, “Review of Cyber-Physical System in Healthcare,” International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, vol. 2014, p.20, 2014.

E. Lee, S. Seshia, Introduction to Embedded Systems, A Cyber-Physical Systems Approach. 2014.

Eiropas Savienības terminu vārdnīca. – R., UNDP, 2004.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2014 Alyona Skorobogatjko, Andrejs Romanovs, Nadezhda Kunicina

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.